If you are looking for plants that can give an extra touch to your garden, you can opt for aquatic plants. Let’s see what they are and how to treat them to get the most out of them.
An outdoor space or a garden can have a unique touch, thanks to aquatic plants. These are particular varieties that many people, passionate about gardening, let themselves be conquered. After all, the aquatic plants they are vital and donate to a body of water, if you have one, dynamism, sounds and reflections of a certain uniqueness.
Also, if you add aquatic plants, you could make room for another set of plants to which you add a thriving fauna including dragonflies and frogs. Examples include the frog bite, the candlestick primrose and the water hyacinth, plants that do not grow in other conditions.
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If you have a pre-existing pond or pond, you will have no problem growing aquatic plants. If, on the other hand, you have to make it from scratch, then you will have to check for the absence of floods or infiltrations. The pesticides you might use for aquatic plants could affect neighboring crops. Therefore, make sure you have a good drainage system.
Furthermore, the pond should not be built in a very cold, frost-prone place. This is to avoid having to cover the area during the cold months. In this article, we will try to give you an overview of where to place aquatic plants and what they are.
Aquatic plants: where they are to be placed
Aquatic plants need a pond or pond to live and thrive. If you don’t have one and you need to make it from scratch, a natural underground pond would be perfect for an informal garden. Its contours are generally irregular and covered with natural elements such as, for example, clods or stones.
To complete the scenario you may want to add some moisture-loving plants. Among these, ferns and rushes stand out. Shapes, colors and textures must be complementary or contrasting to ensure a beautiful scenography.
If your idea, on the other hand, is to create a formal pond, know that they can be both raised and buried. In the first case, the space for plants will be smaller. The useful strategy would be to use floating flowers and leaves. A plant above all? The water lily. The formal ponds represent a way to create a focus in one’s outdoor space. For this, they should be positioned on the main axis so that they can be admired from different points.
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Whatever garden scheme you choose, if you insert aquatic plants they will play a primary role due to their scenographic impact. In addition, they are able to keep the water they live in clean and perfect for fish.
Aquatic plants are also called hydrophytic, or hydrophytic because they develop in harmony with the aquatic environment. On the other hand, they need large quantities of water.
Aquatic plants: classification
Depending on the type of vegetation that aquatic plants develop, they they are classified into different groups:
- plants boats: are those that are able to move on the surface of the water
- plants submerged: are those that live completely under water
- plants of the banks: they have their roots in the soil covered by a maximum of one meter of water
- plants with floating leaves whose roots are deep in water.
All these types are able to adapt to the presence of water.
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Aquatic plants: characteristics
To characterize the aquatic plants there is a thin cuticle, which protects them from water dispersion. Furthermore, the stomata are open most of the time as the plant has large quantities of water. The stomata are quite abundant and are found on both sides of the leaves.
The skeleton of aquatic plants is lighter and more flexible to allow them to better resist the pressure that water could exert on them. For example, water lilies can float thanks to their leaves. The roots, on the other hand, are very small as they are used to absorb nutrients from the water.
Just why the roots have a more limited function, which does not support, aquatic plants can be defined as feather. Despite this, aquatic plants can also grow very quickly. That is why it is necessary to pay attention to the plants that will be arranged in the surroundings.
Aquatic plants: care
Being very resistant and vigorous, aquatic plants do not require major maintenance activities. In addition, they are not afraid of aphids or other insects. Better to place them in full sun and protect them when the cold arrives. They need to be watered well but, before planting them, consider some garden soil mixed with manure.
Before choosing the aquatic plant What do you prefer, it would be good to read up on its characteristics. Be aware that some may even grow a lot and become bulky.
Aquatic plants: what they are, how to care for them – photos and images
Now that aquatic plants are no longer a mystery to you, all you have to do is choose the right ones for your garden. Good job!