There Surfinia it’s a variety of petunia with decombing behavior ideal for embellishing balconies, terraces, porches, patios and gazebos. A cascade of fragrant flowers in different shades of color that hang from wall vases or hanging planters.
Characteristics of Surfinia
There surfinia, like petunia, is a herbaceous plant native to South America belonging to the Solonaceae family.
The plant grown as an annual or biennial has a fasciculated root from which thick green bushes originate composed of numerous and slender herbaceous stems covered with a rich light green foliage.
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The leaves they are oval, hairy, slightly sticky and have a distinctive scent.
The flowers are funnel-shaped, with a 5-petal corolla; the upper part of the corolla is wider than the lower one.
THE flowers white, pink, red, blue, purple and fuchsia, they are delicately scented especially when the sun goes down.
THE seeds they are tiny gray-black spherules contained within very small light brown capsules.
The abundant and abundant flowering of surfinia is a true spectacle of nature and lasts from March to late summer.
Cultivation of Surfinia
Surfinia is a herbaceous plant that loves sunny or semi-shaded places sheltered from the wind. It does not tolerate cold and late frosts.
It prefers soft soils, rich in organic matter and well drained. The ideal substrate is non-calcareous, loose and mixed with sand or crumbled bark.
however, it is preferable to use a fertile, non-calcareous, well-drained substratum rich in organic material; to favor the drainage of water, sand or a little crumbled bark can be mixed with the earth
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Requires frequent watering. In summer it should be watered every day, avoiding wetting the leaves and flowers.
It needs periodic organic fertilizations with liquid fertilizers for flowering plants, diluted in watering water or slow-release granular fertilizers every 20 days.
Surfinia: cultivation in pots
Surfinia for its drooping habit is a plant that is mostly grown in hanging pots or baskets. The ideal pot must be suitable for root development and therefore deep enough filled with a fertile and well-drained mixture consisting of universal soil and common garden soil. After potting, the plant should be placed in a place at a temperature of 20 and 30 ° C; it should be regularly fertilized, from April to September, every 10 days, with a liquid product for flowering plants diluted in the irrigation water; it should be watered regularly, even every day, avoiding water stagnation.
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Repotting should be done in spring, using a container slightly larger than the previous one and new fresh and fertile soil always well drained.
Multiplication of Surfinia
The surfinias, like petunias, and many other spring ornamental plants reproduce by seed. The sowing of the surfinia takes place in the seedbed at the end of winter
When the seedlings reach the appropriate size they must be thinned and planted in single containers or in beautiful planters.
Planting or planting
The best time for Surfinia planting is late spring, early June. A deep hole is dug, at least twice as deep as the bread of earth of the roots; the plant is gently extracted from its container, taking care not to damage the roots; the plant is placed in the hole; then it is covered with earth, compressed well and watered.
Alternatively, special flower beds can be created by placing the surfinias in the lawn or in fallen palm stumps.
Topping or pruning of Surfinia
In the month of July the stems are topped at half or even more of their length to favor the thickening and the emission of new flowers. After pruning, it is advisable to suspend watering for about fifteen days and resume it as soon as the first new shoots begin to appear.
Pests and diseases of Surfinia
There surfinia it is a plant that fears the attack of aphids, of the red spider. It is very sensitive to root rot caused by water stagnation.
Cures and treatments
In areas characterized by harsh winters it is advisable to grow the plants directly in pots or planters so that they can be transferred to a protected environment at the end of autumn.
The pesticide treatments must be done by nebulizing the foliage of the plant with specific products or by using the garlic or nettle pesticide, both effective against aphids and easy to prepare even at home.
Variety of Surfinia
On the market there are many varieties of Surfinia that differ from each other in size and color of the flowers.
A variety characterized by a luxuriant growth and which can form flowering cascades up to 2 meters long. From spring to summer it produces large funnel-shaped flowers in dark purple color with red hues. It is easily grown in the sun or in partial shade, in the open ground. It is suitable for covering walls and is perfect in pots, especially if hung on the railings of balconies.
A variety that differs from the others for the black but elegant color of the flowers. It is very easy to grow and in the garden and on the balconies. It is a perennial that in winter should be sheltered in a bright and cool environment at a temperature of 10-12 ° C.
A very resistant variety with large funnel-shaped white flowers with a 5-petalled corolla. It blooms profusely from spring to autumn; does not like the cold and the winds; it prefers partial shade exposure, the soil rich in organic substances, regular and abundant irrigation. It does not require special care; it is perfect for growing in pots, ideal for embellishing balconies and terraces. It is also highly sought after by brides to decorate the church on their wedding day.
A very widespread variety and appreciated for the brightness of its yellow flowers. It is an annual outdoor plant native to Japan, obtained from the hybridization of petunias. It is composed of various hanging stems about 1 meter long covered with hairy, lanceolate and bright green leaves. It blooms profusely from spring to autumn, producing funnel-shaped flowers with a corolla made up of 5 pale yellow petals. Due to its hanging appearance it is ideal for hanging planters on balconies and terraces but also to be planted in the garden for the creation of colored carpets. It prefers partial shade exposure, the soil rich in organic substances, fertile but above all well drained. It should be irrigated regularly and abundantly as soon as the substrate is dry, avoiding stagnation of water. It fears the cold and strong winds.
Surfinia Sky blue
Another very popular variety for its rich flowering and verdant cascades up to 2 meters long. From spring to summer it produces numerous funnel-shaped light blue flowers. It is perfect in pots but is grown in the ground, for flower borders, flower beds or flowered walls. It prefers a sunny or partial shade exposure.
A lush variety appreciated for its large, funnel-shaped pink flowers. It is easily grown in pots and in the ground in an area in partial shade and sheltered from the winds.
Surfinia is widely used to decorate balconies, terraces and gardens thanks to its very luxuriant flowering. Ideal in rectangle planters hanging from the railing and in baskets.
Language of flowers
Surfinia is the symbol of pride and tenacity.
The surfinia is a hybrid obtained from the cross between the nyctaginiflora petunia and the purple petunia and was made in Japan in the late 1980s. Currently, it is a very widespread plant in Italy and Europe.