Neoperteria-fiori

Neoporteria – Cactus

Neoperteria-cactacea

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There Neoporteria it is a succulent plant characterized by soft and long thorns and by the beauty of its flowers similar to large daisies.

Neoperteria-Neoportria

Features Neoporteria

The genus Neoporteria includes many species of succulents from the Cactaceae family
originating from South America, spread spontaneously in Argentina, Chile and Peru

Neoporteria - succulent plant
The Neoporteria generally develops, like the mother-in-law’s pillow or better the Echinocactus grusonii, as a small globose cactus, but unlike the latter, with the passing of the years it tends to assume a short columnar bearing.

Read also: Parodia sanguiniflora – Parodia

The plant is a small, small cactus and almost never exceeds 10-12 centimeters in diameter in width.

The roots, like all other succulents, they are short, of the collated type and little more than a hair’s thick.

The stem it is dark green-greyish in color, divided by various leathery ribs covered with very showy and long thorns, almost always white even if there are some specimens with brownish thorns.

Neoperteria-flowers

THE flowers large, multiple and tubular, similar to those of Mammillaria, sprout on the top of the stem. The corolla is formed by long ligulate petals that curve outwards. The color of the flowers varies from pale pink to bright red.

The flowers are followed by small ones fruits oblong that when drying open, leaving free very small germinable dark seeds. Fruits are formed if the plant is pollinated.

Neoperteria-flowering

Flowering

Neoperteria generally blooms in late spring. Some species even in autumn.

Neoperteria-cultivation

You may be interested in: Christmas cactus – Zigocactus truncatus

Cultivation of Neoporteria

Exposure

The plant bred at home should be placed in bright areas but away from window panes as it is easily burned by the filtered rays of the sun. Even the plant that lives outdoors in rock gardens or in pots must be protected from direct sunlight especially in the hottest hours of summer and therefore can be placed under canopies or in places where it can receive shade from tall trees. . All plants belonging to the genus Neoperteria fear cold and above all frost, so in winter it is best to shelter them in a place where the temperature does not drop below 5 ° C. Furthermore, this succulent plant is very susceptible to environmental humidity.

Ground

Regarding the soil, the Neoporteria is not particularly demanding as it is satisfied with a poor substrate as long as it is loose and above all well drained. As for other succulents, the optimal soil is a mixture composed of 1/3 of peat, 1/3 third of pumice 1/3 of lava or expanded clay.

Watering

Also with regard to water supplies, Neoporteria is a plant that does not require water and should be watered once a week, during the vegetative awakening that goes from spring to autumn, always letting the soil dry completely. In winter, watering must be suspended completely for the plants left in the home while for those hospitalized in the apartment it will be sufficient to spray the soil sporadically.

Fertilization

From the vegetative restart, spring-summer, the soil must be enriched with nutrients and therefore every 20-30 days it is advisable to administer a specific fertilizer for cactaceae poor in nitrogen (N).

Cactaceae-repotting

Repotting

The Neoperteria is characterized by a very slow growth and therefore given its small size, it does not need to be repotted with a certain frequency. If you intend to repot it, keep in mind that the best time is spring. The vase can be made of plastic or terracotta that is wider than high.

When repotting, care must be taken not to traumatize the delicate roots and not to break the thorns.

Once the repotting has been carried out, the plant will have to adapt to the new soil and for this reason it will be left to rest for 2-3 days without watering it.

Neoporteria-multiplication

Multiplication of Neoporteria

The Neoporteria generally reproduces by seed in spring and rarely by division of the basal suckers as this species of cactacea rarely forms tufts.

Sowing

There sowing it is carried out by scattering the seeds in a previously wet specific soil. Small holes are made with the tip or a stick and 3 seeds are placed in each of them, to be sure that at least one of them gives life to a new plant. Should all germinate, the strongest and most developed plants are separated and the less developed ones are eventually eliminated.

THE seeds they must be covered with a very thin layer of the same soil. The seedbed must be covered with a sheet of transparent film and placed in a very bright place but not exposed to direct sunlight where the ambient temperature is not lower than 21-26 ° C. At lower temperatures the seeds do not germinate.

Propagation by division

If the Neoperteria produces some basal suckers it will be enough to separate them from the mother plant and transfer them to a small pot. This agamic reproduction always takes place in spring.

Cactaceae-repotting

Repotting

The Neoperteria is characterized by a very slow growth and therefore given its small size, it does not need to be repotted with a certain frequency. If you intend to repot it, keep in mind that the best time is spring. The vase can be made of plastic or terracotta that is wider than high. When repotting, care must be taken not to traumatize the delicate roots and not to break the thorns. Once the repotting has been carried out, the plant will have to adapt to the new soil and for this reason it will be left to rest for 2-3 days without watering it.

Parasites and diseases of the Neoporteria

All species of Neoperteria fear root rot caused by water stagnation in the soil or in the saucer.

Sometimes they are attacked by the red spider a small mite that suffocates the plant with its thin cobwebs and that occurs when the environment is excessively dry. A small parasite that forms whitish clusters between the ribs and on the thorns of the plant suffers from the attacks of the cochineal.

Cures and treatments

To counteract root rot, provide good drainage to the irrigation water and empty the saucer. To dust the plant from time to time just treat it with the jet of the phono keeping about 20 cm away. Alternatively, brush it with a soft brush.

Neoporteria gerocephala-Neoporteria nidus

Variety of Neoporteria

Among the many species of Neoperteria we remember the most widespread and cultivated as ornamental

Neoporteria gerocephala

Also known as Neoporteria nidus, it is a dwarf cactus native to the Andes. It has a small spherical stem wrapped in a tangle of bristly, white, gray or black, flexible thorns. in May, it produces red or fuchsia flowers with showy yellow anthers. It prefers indirect sun, poor and basically sandy soil, regular watering from spring to late summer. It must be fertilized in spring and autumn. In winter it must be sheltered inside, in a cool and ventilated place.

Occult neoporteria

A variety with dark purple stem and thorns. It has a tuberous root, stem with 8-10 ribs. it produces showy silky flowers with white, yellow, orange or pink petals and red fruits visible in winter. It is grown in full sun or partial shade in well-drained soil. it needs regular watering during the summer months and fertilizations rich in potassium (K) in summer. It does not produce suckers and reproduces by seed.

Curiosity

The Neoporteria also called Neoportria, bears its name derives from that of Carlos E. Porter, the founder of the Chilean journal of Natural History, the first president of the Chilean Society of Entomology and among the many prestigious awards also an honorary member for life of the Faculty London Science International.

Succulents photo gallery

B.carole

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