Berries such as raspberries and blueberries can be safely grown in the home garden. The results can be surprising, but you need to take some precautions.
Due to their health properties, berries are back in the limelight both on the terraces and in the home gardens. After all, if grown alone, raspberries, blueberries, strawberries can taste very different from those bought at the store, perhaps even at an inflated price. Useful for their antioxidant properties, they are perfect not only in fruit salads, but also for sweet and savory preparations.
Also, the berries they can grow well even in rather disadvantaged positions, for example, in partial shade. You could plant them, in fact, even in the spaces that are generally most neglected in the garden.
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Even if their nature is wild, many farmers decide to specialize in their cultivation. The sale of berries is also quite profitable. For a noteworthy yield, however, some precautions are necessary. You need to know how to manage the seedlings and try to understand if the soil is suitable.
We advise you to To avoid buy the sachets of seeds but the seedlings young to be sure of a strong and healthy plant. In addition, you will make your life easier as the more adult the plant is, the faster you will reap the rewards.
Before you think you can grow berries in your garden, you will have to necessarily understand if your outdoor space is for them. Keep in mind, in fact, that berries require cool and shaded areas. Better, therefore, that in your outdoor space there are shaded and cool areas, perhaps near ruins or under the fronds of fruit trees.
Berries: type of soil
The perfect soil for growing berries is acid or sub-acid type even if, for strawberries, for example, neutral soils are also good. Before choosing to plant berries, therefore, make sure the surface layer of the land you have is breathable and well drained. The latter is a necessary feature to avoid stagnation and, therefore, the onset of pathologies.
Neither excess water nor its absence are tolerated by berries. From a soil analysis, its pH should fluctuate between 4 and 5.5. The soil must also be moist. If you have to choose the position perfect for planting your berries, better those not very sunny and in partial shade. The terrain, if too poor, it can be enriched with non-aggressive organic nutrients. If the soil is too heavy, add peat; manure and compost if the soil is too light.
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The cultivation of berries can also take place in areas where the climate is rather harsh. This is because they they resist cold and frost well. It must be said, however, that they hardly tolerate too hot or dry weather. Therefore, better that watering is frequent and, as we have said, the position in partial shade, but sheltered from too cold winds.
Another important factor is that the berries they suffer little from parasites. Here because they lend themselves very well to organic farming, without the use of chemical agents.
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Before proceeding with the planting of the seedling, it would be better if the soil is covered with mulch, at least one layer. For this purpose, leaves and shredded bark are perfect. An example of an arrangement could be that of border hedges. Their size could become important and, moreover, they can last up to ten years and even more.
Among the most important things to know about berries, the fact stands out that they are endowed with stolons rooting. So their multiplication method is pretty simple. If the stolons are kept in the nursery during the winter months, new seeds can be obtained. When they sprout, reaching 5/6 centimeters in height, they can be planted directly.
Berries: most common types
The production of raspberries, especially that of the non-remontant variety, is unleashed between June and July. The last harvest can be had between August and October. Raspberry can be frozen therefore, if you are faced with copious harvests, you can take advantage of them to preserve them.
Their planting takes place at the end of autumn. It is important to have a support or a wall to lean on. They need plenty of water and some compost or manure-based fertilizer as soon as spring comes.
Due to its shallow roots, the raspberry always needs fresh soil and with mulch that prevents the dispersion of moisture.
Particularly ornamental and evergreen, strawberries are perfect for both their fruit and flowers. The best time for seedlings is spring, when the risk of frost is far away. The unifera variety (single fruiting) is perfect for having large harvests at once to store and freeze. The variety of biferae, on the other hand, will bear fruit until the end of summer.
Strawberries love moist soil is rich in organic matter. Also, they love the sun. Irrigation, at the time of fruiting, must be constant and given at ground level.