What is the division of the tufts? How and when is it done? Which plants can be multiplied with this vegetative propagation technique?
Division of the tufts
Many plant species as well as by sowing, cutting, offshoot or layering also reproduce by division of the tufts and by division of the rhizomes.
There division of the tufts is a plant reproduction technique used almost exclusively in gardening on aromatic herbaceous plants, succulents and on many ornamental indoor and outdoor plants.
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When dividing the tufts
The division of the tufts is generally carried out in spring sometimes even in Autumn to obtain more specimens of the same species with the same characteristics of the mother plant. It is a very simple technique to perform and a sure success.
How to divide the tufts and which plants are propagated with this technique
This agamic or vegetative reproduction technique which allows to obtain plants identical to the original ones is usually carried out during the period of vegetative rest or at the time of repotting.
The plant is extracted from the ground from the ground, then tufts are identified and with the hands or with the help of a knife the productive tufts are released, taking care not to damage the roots in this photo the tufts of Aspidistra are clearly visible. ornamental suitable for cultivation in pots and in the ground.
THE tufts isolated they are then placed in single pots or in the ground using very soft and well drained soil rich in organic substance.
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After planting, apply light pressure with your hands so that the soil adheres well to the roots and water.
Gazanias, for example, form thick tufts which by division generate many new plants which in turn will multiply quickly, producing flowers right away.
Aromatic plants: division of the tufts
In March, biennial and perennial aromatic plants such as sage, thyme and rosemary and lemon balm can always be multiplied with this technique.
The division of the tufts of the aromatic plants must be performed when the plants are still in vegetative rest but the temperatures begin to become mild. Here’s how to proceed.
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During a beautiful sunny and not windy day, the healthiest and most vigorous plant is extracted from the ground; the loaf of earth that surrounds the roots is moved and the clump is divided into several portions (5-10 cm in diameter) taking great care not to damage the root system.
With a pruning shears, the excessively long secondary roots are shortened and finally each portion is placed in the ground or in pots. Finally water abundantly.
With the same vegetative propagation technique you can easily multiply many plants such as houseplants Spathiphyllum.
The division of the tufts is successfully used to multiply some types of succulent plants such as:
and the Ferocactus.
To multiply succulent or succulent plants, it is advisable to take appropriate precautions to avoid pricking oneself with the thorns: wear protective gloves; wrap the plant with newspaper sheets; avoid damaging the thorns.
Engraving times of the tufts
The rooting times of the tufts vary from a minimum of 15 days to a maximum of 3 months depending on the species, the pedoclimatic conditions (light, heat, soil, watering), the state of health and vigor of the plants. Fundamental for the rooting of the divided tufts is the exposure of the jars in bright places but sheltered from direct sunlight.
Cultivation times in pots
The plants obtained from the division of the tufts must be grown in pots for a year beforehand and subsequently planted permanently, on the ground or in a larger container.