General characteristics of Anthurium or Anthurium
L’anthurium andreanum it’s a ornamental plant very decorative and resistant apartment, belonging to the Araceae family, native to the tropical areas of South America, the same family of the calla lilies.
Also called simply anthurium it’s a perennial herbaceous plant rich in leathery heart-shaped leaves of an intense glossy green color that branching off from long and thin stems form a rounded bush, about 35-45 cm in diameter.
Some modified leaves of white, pink or ruby red color, called spate, envelop it spadix a showy cylindrical inflorescence of straw yellow color it produces sessile flowers.
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The plant produces flowers all year round, especially from May to September.
Cut flowers keep for a long time.
The anthurium or Anthurium loves diffused and filtered light; loves mild temperatures around 20 degrees; fears direct exposure to sunlight (the leaves burn) and sudden changes in temperature.
It prefers peaty, fresh and organic soils mixed with leaves and pieces of chopped bark.
It needs liquid fertilizer diluted in the watering every 15 days during the flowering and vegetative development period.
It requires regular and constant watering every other day in summer and weekly during the winter but never abundant.
In periods of strong heat it is advisable to carry out a foliar nebulization which, however, must be suspended during the flowering period.
It propagates by sowing and like the spatifillo, the gazanias and many other plants through the division of the tufts.
The division of the tufts is to be preferred as it allows to have plants already grown and with the same genetic characteristics of the mother plant.
The most suitable period to multiply the anthurium with this technique is the spring.
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This plant should not be pruned. Only damaged leaves and dry stems are cut off at the base.
Every 2 years, a February, carry out the repotting of the anthurium having the foresight to cover all the roots with soil.
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Diseases and Parasites
Anthurium fears the attack of aphids and the scale insects they form cottony spots on the leaves; the mushrooms damage the leaves showing dark spots. Attached leaves should be cut off.
To keep the plant healthy, you need to:
- protect it from drafts;
- eliminate withered flowers;
- apply fungicide treatments only if necessary;
- remove leaves affected by diseases;
- periodically dust the foliage with a damp cloth.
Varieties and uses
The different species of anthurium they are grown for ornamental purposes; cut flowers are used for floral compositions, to set up churches and wedding banquets.
The varieties mignon white in color are used for the brides bouquet.
Poisonous and toxic anthurium
Anthurium is a toxic flower for both humans and animals, especially cats who are unable to recognize its toxicity.
It causes irritation of the oral mucous membranes with intense burning in the lips, tongue, excessive salivation, difficulty in swallowing and vomiting if swallowed.
Anthurium in the language of flowers
It is the symbol of true friendship