Spontaneous plant native to the eastern areas and cultivated in the lands of Siberia and Manchuria, it knows the West only during the Middle Ages. Doubts and uncertainties hover over its diffusion, some historians believe that this plant reached Greece thanks to the Turks, hence the origin of the name “buckwheat”.
The buckwheat, whose scientific name is Fagopyrum Esculentum, it is not a cereal as many believe. This typicality is, indeed, a polygon and it is often confused with cereals given its food use, very similar to that of grasses.
Naturally gluten-free, it is perfect for celiacs or for those suffering from gluten intolerances and it is rich in nutritional properties, essential for the proper functioning of our body. The vitamins contained in it are essential for health, buckwheat, in fact, is rich in magnesium, iron, potassium, selenium, zinc, copper in addition to a high number of vitamins belonging to the group B..
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It allows our body to store a high level of energy and, the trace elements contained therein, support the correct functioning of the thyroid gland, also helping to regulate the insulin level and are indispensable in case of strong anemia and inflammations of different nature.
Furthermore, buckwheat has bace glycemic index, it helps lower cholesterol by keeping blood levels low and thanks to D-chiro inositol, and it is also suitable for diabetics. Besides being a good support for the intestinal regularity, the presence of essential amino acids, such as threonine and tryptophan, turns out to be a valid ally for the cellular renewal of the organism.
Buckwheat in nature
Buckwheat arises spontaneously, it is a plant that prefers areas not particularly cold, with a temperature that is around 20 ° C, but on the other hand it suffers a lot from sudden changes in temperature and drought. Beautiful plant to look at and with dark and round grains, it occurs in nature with a long and tapered stem.
Growing green, it becomes red-brown when fully ripe. Composed of multiple branches, in full bloom it has white or pink buds depending on the variety e the fruits are small and round inside a small seed.
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Buckwheat is harvested when the fruits have reached a dark color, hence the other name of the plant, precisely “black wheat”. Before proceeding with the collection, it is necessary to wait for a natural drying period which may vary 15 to 20 days. The areas in Italy where this black wheat is produced are those of northern Italy in the provinces of Bolzano and Sondrio, but it is also cultivated well in Tuscany and in the Umbrian hills.
Buckwheat: benefits and nutritional properties
Buckwheat is composed largely of starch and protein and is rich in essential amino acids such as threonine and tryptophan. Naturally gluten-free, it can be consumed by all those who suffer from gluten intolerances or celiac disease, as well as being a precious source of mineral salts as previously mentioned.
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Contains also a good standard of antioxidants, like tannins, capable of strengthen the capillary wall and venous circulation. Rich in flavonoids contains many of the B vitamins inside and in large quantities.
The constant consumption of buckwheat can be an undoubted source for filling up with antioxidants, which contribute to the protection of the body from free radicals, as well as protecting the body from diseases of various kinds.
Valid support for the cardiovascular system helps fight and regulate bad cholesterol (LDL) levels in the blood favoring a better level than the good one (HDL), the rutin present in it helps to strengthen the venous walls, supporting the microcirculation.
Good solution for diabetes sufferers, buckwheat, helps and regulate blood sugar levels supporting and facilitating digestion. Excellent for preventing gallstones, thanks to its high fiber content, it regulates intestinal transit by helping motility.
It is a food business suit, with powerful diuretic abilities, indicated in slimming diets to support other foods and drinks to eliminate excess liquids, buckwheat has a strong satiating power and this makes it particularly suitable for those who follow a restrictive diet and must necessarily regulate nervous hunger attacks.
Valid ally of beauty, the numerous vitamins contained therein they help to strengthen the hair and make the skin visibly brighter, thanks to the presence of elements such as vitamin A, vitamin B and zinc, which naturally supports hair growth, keeping them healthy and strong.
Buckwheat is also used in cosmetics and phytotherapy, in fact its leaves have a strong therapeutic power self taken in the form of an infusion, turn out to be a valid one support for those suffering from circulation problems, fatigue in the legs and lower limbs. In England, this drink is very popular and is known as “buckwheat tea” and is suggested to combat fatigue in legs and feet, in case of swelling and to protect the walls of arteries and capillaries.